Using the Cluster Approach to strengthen Humanitarian Response Duration: Four weeks Tuesdays the 23.2.201/2.3.2021/9.3.2021/16.3.2021 Time: 16:00 – 18:30 Jerusalem Time Language: English Platform: Zoom This four-session training provides an introduction and understanding of the humanitarian sector and the specificities of cluster work in humanitarian contexts. The training blends key aspects of the cluster approach with theories, case studies and practical simulations. The cluster approach was adopted in 2005, following an independent Humanitarian Response Review, to address gaps and to increase the effectiveness of humanitarian response through partnerships. It ensures predictability and accountability in international responses to humanitarian emergencies, as well as clear leadership, by clarifying the division of labor between organizations and their roles and responsibilities in different areas. In this way, the cluster approach aims to make the international humanitarian community better organized, more accountable and more professional, so that it can be a better partner for affected people, host governments, local authorities, local civil society and funding partners. THE CURRENT HUMANITARIAN ACTION WORLD: Tuesday, February 23rd Dr. Bruria Adini, Head of the Department of Emergency Management and Disaster Medicine in the School of Public Health, Tel-Aviv University As a first lecture, Dr. Bruria Adini will present the current situation of humanitarian action in the world. As Humanitarian crises occur world-wide as a result of forces of nature, conflicts or communicable diseases. The last decades have been characterized by a deep commitment of the international community to provide humanitarian aid to disaster-stricken areas. The challenges in providing humanitarian aid to affected populations are complex, from the perspectives of both providers and beneficiaries. The module will provide an overview on the following: Discussing main types of humanitarian aidDefine people of concern in humanitarian aidDelineate the main challenges in providing humanitarian action STAKEHOLDERS IN THE FIELD OF HUMANITARIAN AID: Tuesday, February 23rd Dr. Bruria Adini, Head of the Department of Emergency Management and Disaster Medicine in the School of Public Health, Tel-Aviv University Who is involved in humanitarian aid? Why is it done? And how? So many questions that Dr. Bruria Adini will answer in this second module. Indeed, numerous organizations provide humanitarian aid, immediately following the onset of a humanitarian crisis and throughout the reconstruction and recovery periods. International bodies, local and non-governmental organizations and host governments are all involved in the process, providing diverse services to affected populations. This module is aims to: Characterize the main stakeholders involved in providing humanitarian assistance;Present the existing challenges in the interface between the aid agencies, humanitarian aid bodies & recipient countries. ETHICS & STANDARD IN HUMANITARIAN ACTION: Tuesday, March 2nd Ms. Gaele Chojnowicz, Child Protection Officer at UNHCR and Training Officer Protection Cluster, UNHCR THE GLOBAL HUMANITARIAN COORDINATION SYSTEM: Tuesday, March 2nd Ms. Gaele Chojnowicz, Child Protection Officer at UNHCR and Training Officer Protection Cluster, UNHCR In most crisis situations, a large number of organizations work to provide support in the same area. To improve their assistance and avoid congestion, the different stakeholders in humanitarian aid have set up a coordination system, which evolves according to emergencies and needs. How does it work and by whom is it set up? In this module, the aim is to identify the factors that contribute to effective coordination at the global level: Why coordination matters?Resolution 46/182: IASC and Principals: Humanity, Neutrality & imperialityThe international humanitarian coordination system: The Emergency Relief coordinator (ERC) headed by OCHA, The Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC), The global levelOpportunities for NGOs engagement in IASC coordination magnesium THE HUMANITARIAN COORDINATION AT THE COUNTRY & REGIONAL LEVEL: Tuesday, March 2nd Ms. Gaele Chojnowicz, Child Protection Officer at UNHCR and Training Officer Protection Cluster, UNHCR The cluster approach, developed in 2005, establishes a system of coordination and information-sharing groups, bringing together actors working in the field in a specific sector (food security, education, health, logistics, protection, water, hygiene…). What about this humanitarian coordination at the national and regional levels? This module will identify the factors that contribute to effective coordination at the Country & Regional level: Humanitarian Reform reviewHumanitarian Reform process of 2005, proposing reforms across four key pillars, including: coordination, leadership, financing, partnershipThe country level cluster functionsHumanitarian Coordination (HC), Humanitarian Country Team (HCT)Cluster activationHow can we improve the coordination at the country level? EXPLAINING GOMA VOLCANIC ERUPTION AND ITS CONSEQUENCES: Tuesday, March 9th Prof. Les Roberts, Columbia University’s Program on Forced Migration and Health Before the UN Cluster system began, coordination process had begun within the nutrition and water and sanitation sectors. Oxfam initiated a water and sanitation coordination process around 2000 in which the largest INGO’s and UN players would gather to share information and strategies two or three times per year. In 2002, a volcanic eruption in Goma DRC destroyed that city’s water supply and sent 400,000 people fleeing from the city. Because of the social network created by the Oxfam coordination meetings, the water sector response to this outbreak was spectacular in both rapidity and low costs. The lessons of this experience which helped fuel the establishment of the cluster system will be discussed. What is the Goma volcanic eruption?How its consequences led to the establishment of the cluster system? EXPLAINING THE WORK OF THE HEALTH CLUSTER: Tuesday, March 9th Ms. Chipo Takawira, Health Cluster Coordination WHO Office for West Bank and Gaza (oPt) Still with a view to understanding the cluster approach in humanitarian aid, this module will focus on a particular sector: The Health cluster. It will aim to understand what the health cluster is, its essential functions, its expected results and its conditions of activation. Ms. Chipo Takawira will also explain how partnerships are created and how to join the Health Cluster membership. Finally, the particular case of the work as Health Cluster Coordinator for West Bank and Gaza will be studied. What is the Health Cluster?Membership of the Health ClusterCase study: Health Cluster Coordinator for West Bank and Gaza EXPLAINING THE WORK OF THE PROTECTION CLUSTER: Tuesday, March 9th Ms. Gaele Chojnowicz, Child Protection Officer at UNHCR and Training Officer Protection Cluster, UNHCR EXPLAINING THE WORK OF THE CCCM CLUSTER Tuesday, March 16th Ms. Wan Sophonpanich, Global CCCM Cluster Coordinator at IOM – UN Migration EXPLAINING THE WORK OF THE LOGISTICS CLUSTER Tuesday, March 16th Mr. Andre Hermann, Logistic Officer and Global Training Coordinator – Global Logistic Cluster, WFP THE TRANSFORMATIVE AGENDA APPROACH – ALL THAT GLITTERS IS GOLD? Tuesday, March 16th Ms. Dahlia Olinsky, Humanitarian Action Consultant This closing session will act as a summary of the training through the lens of challenging the existing system. It will be based on the content introduced throughout the training. How do we understand “integrated approaches” and their impact on humanitarian settings? Answering this question, we will develop views on the following three aspects: Wrap up the main idea of UN integrated missions and the UN systemic approach (Transformative Agenda and cluster systems).Discuss the type of dynamics and obstacles that the approaches may create between actors in humanitarian settings.Present the effects of integrated approaches on humanitarian principles and responses at the field level.