Tuesday,9 in February 2021 COVID 19 and the Developing World COVID 19 has caused devastation to populations around the world, and yet, it isn’t necessarily what some call “the great equalizer”. The spread of the novel coronavirus presents a profound challenge to international development, all while threatening the lives and livelihoods of the people living in the global south. What are some unique challenges being faced by the developing world? Some immediate challenges facing the developing are access to adequate health care, education and hygiene. In fragile states or states facing conflict, displaced people are of concern. Conditions in refugee camps allow for the spread of disease quickly, as social distancing is next to impossible, and water and sanitation is scarce. With the health structures in highly developed nations struggling to meet the surge of COVID, there remains a salient fear of collapsing health care systems in the developing world. According to the UN, there are an average of 113 hospital beds per 100,000 people in the least developed countries. In Sub-Saharan Africa, health systems are dealing with other endemics such as malaria and malnutrition in addition to COVID. Finally, the number of health care workers is severely lacking: there are only about 2.2 workers per 1,000 people in Africa as opposed to 14 workers per 1,000 people in Europe, according to the World Economic Forum. How has COVID 19 affected the organizations operating in this arena? Charity organizations around the world have been challenged by COVID 19. A survey done by Charities Aid Foundation found that 1 in 3 charities surveyed felt they would have to close down within the next 12 months. Other organizations have had to adapt greatly in order to serve their populations better. SID Israel, alongside of GivingWay, Shalom Corps and the Emergency & Disaster Management department at Tel Aviv University conducted a study of how COVID 19 affected the functional operability of CSOs. The findings indicated that the highest impacts on their operations were decreased funding, reduced access to resources and infrastructure, and a decreased or cessation of donations. Additionally, social distancing and lock down restrictions impaired the work of 84.8% of responding organizations. Organizations have had to shift their focus to health education, sanitation, and distribution of resources such as food. Keeping workers safe is also a priority, meaning that many organizations have had to work from a distance. The Future COVID 19 has required immediate responses from the governments of the developing world, aid organizations, and multilateral movements from international organizations. However, we must also look forward to the future problems that will be caused from the pandemic and the disruption of the global economy. A troubling statistic from the Africa Development Bank has predicted that COVID 19 will put 37.5 million additional people into poverty in 2020, and that this number could reach 49.2 million in 2021. The global decrease in demand will continue to hurt the economies of the developing world that depend on exports of goods and services, remittances, and tourism. Particularly troubling is commodity dependent nations, such as those where oil holds up the economy, as oil prices have seen a dramatic decrease. The economic downturn and loss of life due to failed health care systems could potentially lead to increased migration, debt defaults, failed states and extremism. Solutions The challenges of COVID are great, but there are many steps that we can take as a global community. Hackathons and innovation from the private sector have been fruitful, and many solutions have been compiled in the COVID 19 Innovation Hub. This site has solutions in areas such as prevention, education, humanitarian assistance, policy and more. International institutions such as the IMF and the World Bank have been working to provide low interest loans to prevent debt default as well as to repair health care systems. As a Brookings report noted, the solutions for COVID 19 must be different in the developing world. They must take into account the strain other infectious diseases as well as systemic problems such as infant and maternal mortality. Loans must be targeted at a long term resiliency plan for health care, and not simply immediate aid. As suggested by the World Economic Forum, the private sector must carry a lot of the burden in areas such as pharmaceutical, tech, and private lending. Public-private partnerships will be essential in rebuilding health infrastructure and delivering necessary care and resources, as well as to bolster an economic bounce back. The pandemic has highlighted the precariousness of economic conditions, infrastructure and healthcare systems, and has given international development a new sense of urgency.