Dead Aid: Why Aid Makes Things Worse and How There Is Another Way for Africa Written by: Dambisa Moyo “Dead Aid” describes the state of postwar development policy in Africa today and confronts one of the greatest myths of our time: that billions of dollars in aid sent from wealthy countries to developing African nations has helped to reduce poverty and increase growth. To Repair the World: Paul Farmer Speaks to the Next Generation Written by: Paul Farmer Here, for the first time, is a collection of short speeches by the charismatic doctor and social activist Farmer. One of the most passionate and influential voices for global health equity and social justice, Farmer encourages young people to tackle the greatest challenges. A Bed for the Night: Humanitarian in Crisis Written by: David Rieff Timely and controversial, “A Bed for the Night” reveals how humanitarian organizations are often betrayed and misused, and have increasingly lost sight of their purpose. Drawing on firsthand reporting from war zones around the world, David Rieff shows us what aid workers do in the field and the growing gap between their noble ambitions and their actual capabilities for alleviating suffering. He describes how many humanitarian organizations have moved from their founding principle of neutrality, which gave them access to victims, to encouraging the international community to take action to stop civil wars and ethnic cleansing. By calling for intervention, humanitarian organizations risk being seen as taking sides in a conflict and thus jeopardizing their access to victims. And by overreaching, the humanitarian movement has allowed itself to be hijacked by the major powers. Rieff concludes that if humanitarian organizations are to do what they do best — alleviate suffering — they must reclaim their independence Partner to the Poor: Written by : Paul Farmer For nearly thirty years, anthropologist and physician Paul Farmer has traveled to some of the most impoverished places on earth to bring comfort and the best possible medical care to the poorest of the poor. Driven by his stated intent to “make human rights substantial,” Farmer has treated patients–and worked to address the root causes of their disease–in Haiti, Boston, Peru, Rwanda, and elsewhere in the developing world. In 1987, with several colleagues, he founded Partners In Health to provide a preferential option for the poor in health care. Throughout his career, Farmer has written eloquently and extensively on these efforts. “Partner to the Poor” collects his writings from 1988 to 2009 on anthropology, epidemiology, health care for the global poor, and international public health policy, providing a broad overview of his work. It illuminates the depth and impact of Farmer’s contributions and demonstrates how, over time, this unassuming and dedicated doctor has fundamentally changed the way we think about health, international aid, and social justice. A portion of the proceeds from the sale of this book will be donated to Partners In Health. The Crisis Caravan: What’s Wrong with Humanitarian Aid? Written byLinda Polman A vast industry has grown up around humanitarian aid: a cavalcade of organizations–some 37,000–compete for a share of the $160 billion annual prize. Polman argues that it is time to impose ethical boundaries, to question whether doing something is always better than doing nothing, and to hold humanitarians responsible for the consequences of their deeds. Common Wealth: Economics for a Crowded Planet Written byJeffrey D. Sachs In Common Wealth, Jeffrey D. Sachs-one of the world’s most respected economists and the author of The New York Times bestsellerThe End of Poverty– offers an urgent assessment of the environmental degradation, rapid population growth, and extreme poverty that threaten global peace and prosperity. Through crystalline examination of hard facts, Sachs predicts the cascade of crises that awaits this crowded planet-and presents a program of sustainable development and international cooperation that will correct this dangerous course. Few luminaries anywhere on the planet are as schooled in this daunting subject as Sachs, and this is the vital product of his experience and wisdom. Haiti After the Earthquake Written by: Paul Farmer The celebrated physician and anthropologist offers a vivid on-the-ground account of the relief effort in the aftermath of Haiti’s earthquake–and issues a powerful call to action. The Bottom Billion Written by: Paul Collier The Bottom Billion: Why the Poorest Countries are Failing and What Can Be Done About It is a 2007 book by Paul Collier, Professor of Economics at Oxford University, exploring the reasons why impoverished countries fail to progress despite international aid and support. In the book Collier argues that there are many countries whose residents have experienced little, if any, income growth over the 1980s and 1990s. On his reckoning, there are just under 60 such economies, home to almost 1 billion people. The Fate of Africa: A History of the Continent Since Independence Written byMartin Meredith First published in 2005, “The Fate of Africa” was hailed by reviewers as “A masterpiece. . . The nonfiction book of the year” (“The New York Post”); “a magnificent achievement” (“Weekly Standard”); “a joy,” (“Wall Street Journal”) and “one of the decade’s most important works on Africa” (“Publishers Weekly,” starred review). Now Martin Meredith has revised this classic history to incorporate important recent developments, including the Darfur crisis in Sudan, Robert Mugabe’s continued destructive rule in Zimbabwe, controversies over Western aid and exploitation of Africa’s resources, the growing importance and influence of China, and the democratic movement roiling the North African countries of Tunisia, Egypt, and Jordan. The Sphere Handbook 2011: Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Humanitarian Response Written byThe Sphere Project, The Sphere Project The Sphere Project is an initiative to determine and promote standards by which the global community responds to the plight of people affected by disasters.With this “Handbook,” Sphere is working for a world in which the right of all people affected by disasters to re-establish their lives and livelihoods is recognizedand acted upon in ways that respect their voice and promote their dignity and security.This “Handbook” contains: * A Humanitarian Charter legal and moral principles which reflect the rights of disaster-affected populations* Protection Principles* Core Standards and Minimum Standards in four key life-saving humanitarian sectors: Water supply, sanitation and hygiene promotion; Food security and nutrition; Shelter, settlement and non-food items; Health action. They describe what needs to be achieved in a humanitarian response in order for disaster-affected populations to survive and recover in stable conditions and with dignity.”The Sphere Handbook” enjoys broad ownership by agencies and individuals, offering the humanitarian sector a common language for working together towards quality and accountability in disaster and conflict situations.”The Sphere Handbook” has a number of companion standards, extending its scope in response to needs that have emerged within the humanitarian sector.The Sphere Project was initiated in 1997 by a number of humanitarian NGOs and the Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement. Human Rights of Street and Working Children: A Practical Manual for Advocates Written byIaine Byrne, Iain Byrne The Human Rights of Street and Working Children is a one-stop guide both for experienced advocates and for non-specialists in the field. The manual, which presents information in an accessible question-and-answer format, is divided into three sections for ease of reference. The first section defines substantive rights – survival, fair treatment, and empowerment. The second section provides practical guidelines on how to use regional and international human rights systems such as the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, or the UN Committee on Torture. The third and last section contains a comprehensive list of human rights documents with tables by country detailing the status and the stage in the implementation process of each of the conventions in each country. The International Law on the Rights of the Child Written by: G. Van Bueren, Van Bueren, Geraldine Van Bueren This volume draws upon the author’s own experience to highlight the complexities behind the global violations of children’s rights. Analysis and description are interwoven to provide a coherent study of the international status of children and the rights which attach to this status, both for those familiar and unfamiliar with international law. The author demonstrates the potential of international law in protecting the rights of children, even in states which are restructuring their economies. To be effective, international law cannot be used in isolation and the text seeks to place the rights of the child in their cultural and historical contexts. All royalties from “The International Law on the Rights of the Child” are being donated to the International Save the Children Alliance to assist them in their work with children. Why Nations Fail: The Origins of Power, Prosperity, and Poverty Why Nations Fail: The Origins of Power, Prosperity, and Poverty is a non-fiction book by two American economists, Daron Acemoglu from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology andJames A. Robinson from Harvard University. The book applies insights from institutional economics, development economics andeconomic history to tentatively answer the question why nations develop differently, with some succeeding in the accumulation of power and prosperity, while others fail. A Long Way Gone: Memoirs of a Boy Soldier Written by: Ishmael Beah A Long Way Gone: Memoirs of a Boy Soldier is a memoir written by Ishmael Beah. Published in 2007, this book provides a firsthand account of the decade-long civil war in Sierra Leone and the ongoing plight of child soldiers in conflicts worldwide. Beah was forced to run away from attacking rebels in Sierra Leone at the young age of 12; he was then forever separated from his direct family. He wandered his war-filled country and was then forced to join an army unit, which brainwashed him into believing in only large guns, blood, and drugs. By thirteen, he had experienced incidents that others may not have to deal with throughout their entire lives. At the age of 16, however, UNICEF removed him from the unit and gave him a chance to be forgiven and to be loved once more. With the help of some of the staff he was able to forgive himself for everything he had done and to finally move on. He was then given an opportunity to teach others about the hell he was forced to endure. He traveled the United States teaching people about the devastating and unforgettable things that he was forced to encounter and the things that millions of kids all over the world still have to encounter today. Divided Nations: Why global governance is failing, and what we can do about it Author: Ian Goldin The UN, World Bank, and the IMF were all created in a post-war world radically different from today’s. It is becoming increasingly apparent that these global structures are struggling to cope with the challenges faced by the globalized, interconnected world of the twenty-first century. As a former Vice President of the World Bank, and head of the multi-disciplinary Oxford Martin School of Oxford University, Ian Goldin is in a superb position to provide new perspectives and approaches to our world order. He explores whether the answer is to reform the existing structures or to consider a new and radical way of tackling inherent failings. In this groundbreaking work, he sets out the nature of the problems and the various approaches to global governance, highlights the challenges that we are to overcome, and considers a roadmap for the future. Creating a World Without Poverty: Social Business and the Future of Capitalism Written By: Muhammad Yunus In the last two decades, free markets have swept the globe, bringing with them enormous potential for positive change. But traditional capitalism cannot solve problems like inequality and poverty, because it is hampered by a narrow view of human nature in which people are one-dimensional beings concerned only with profit. In fact, human beings have many other drives and passions, including the spiritual, the social, and the altruistic. Welcome to the world of social business, where the creative vision of the entrepreneur is applied to today’s most serious problems: feeding the poor, housing the homeless, healing the sick, and protecting the planet. Creating a World Without Poverty tells the stories of some of the earliest examples of social businesses, including Yunus’s own Grameen Bank. It reveals the next phase in a hopeful economic and social revolution that is already under way—and in the worldwide effort to eliminate poverty by unleashing the productive energy of every human being. Banker to the Poor: Micro-Lending and the Battle Against World Poverty Written By: Muhammad Yunus In 1983 Muhammad Yunus established Grameen, a bank devoted to providing the poorest of Bangladesh with miscule loans. He aimed to help the poor by supporting the spark of personal initiative and enterprise by which they could lift themselves out of poverty forever. It was an idea born on a day in 1976 when he loaned $27 from his own pocket to forty-two people living in a tiny village. They were stool makers who only needed enough credit to purchase the raw materials for their trade. Yunus’s loan helped them break the cycle of poverty and changed their lives forever. His solution to world poverty, founded on the belief that credit is a fundamental human right, is brilliantly simple: loan poor people money on terms that are suitable to them, teach them a few sound financial principles, and they will help themselves.Yunus’s theories work. Grameen Bank has provided 3.8 billion dollars to 2.4 million families in rural Bangladesh. Today, more than 250 institutions in nearly 100 countries operate micro-credit programs based on the Grameen methodology, placing Grameen at the forefront of a burgeoning world movement toward eradicating poverty through micro-lending. The White Man’s Burden: Why the West’s Efforts to Aid the Rest Have Done So Much Ill and So Little Good Written by: William Easterly From one of the world’s best-known development economists—an excoriating attack on the tragic hubris of the West’s efforts to improve the lot of the so-called developing world In his previous book, The Elusive Quest for Growth, William Easterly criticized the utter ineffectiveness of Western organizations to mitigate global poverty, and he was promptly fired by his then-employer, the World Bank. The White Man’s Burden is his widely anticipated counterpunch—a brilliant and blistering indictment of the West’s economic policies for the world’s poor. Sometimes angry, sometimes irreverent, but always clear-eyed and rigorous, Easterly argues that we in the West need to face our own history of ineptitude and draw the proper conclusions, especially at a time when the question of our ability to transplant Western institutions has become one of the most pressing issues we face. Poor Economics: A Radical Rethinking of the Way to Fight Global Poverty Written by: Abhijit Banerjee, Abhijit Vinayak Banerjee, Esther Duflo Winner of the 2011Financial Times/Goldman Sachs Best Business Book of the Year Award Billions of government dollars, and thousands of charitable organizations and NGOs, are dedicated to helping the world’s poor. But much of their work is based on assumptions that are untested generalizations at best, harmful misperceptions at worst. Abhijit Banerjee and Esther Duflo have pioneered the use of randomized control trials in development economics. Work based on these principles, supervised by the Poverty Action Lab, is being carried out in dozens of countries. Drawing on this and their 15 years of research from Chile to India, Kenya to Indonesia, they have identified wholly new aspects of the behavior of poor people, their needs, and the way that aid or financial investment can affect their lives. Their work defies certain presumptions: that microfinance is a cure-all, that schooling equals learning, that poverty at the level of 99 cents a day is just a more extreme version of the experience any of us have when our income falls uncomfortably low. This important book illuminates how the poor live, and offers all of us an opportunity to think of a world beyond poverty. Despite Good Intentions: Why Development Assistance to the Third World Has Failed Written by: Thomas W. Dichter For more than thirty-five years, Thomas W. Dichter has worked in the field of international development, managing and evaluating projects for nongovernmental organizations, directing a Peace Corps country program, and serving as a consultant for such agencies as USAID, UNDP, and the World Bank. On the basis of this extensive and varied experience, he has become an outspoken critic of what he terms the “international poverty alleviation industry.” He believes that efforts to reduce world poverty have been well-intentioned but largely ineffective. On the whole, the development industry has failed to serve the needs of the people it has sought to help. To make his case, Dichter reviews the major trends in development assistance from the 1960s through the 1990s, illustrating his analysis with eighteen short stories based on his own experiences in the field. The analytic chapters are thus grounded in the daily life of development workers as described in the stories. Dichter shows how development organizations have often become caught up in their own self-perpetuation and in public relations efforts designed to create an illusion of effectiveness. Tracing the evolution of the role of money (as opposed to ideas) in development assistance, he suggests how financial imperatives have reinforced the tendency to sponsor time-bound projects, creating a dependency among aid recipients. He also examines the rise of careerism and increased bureaucratization in the industry, arguing that assistance efforts have become disconnected from important lessons learned on the ground. In the end, Dichter calls for a more light-handed and artful approach to development assistance, with fewer agencies andexperts involved. His stance is pragmatic, rather than ideological or political. What matters, he says, is what works, and the current practices of the development industry are simply not effective. The aid trap: hard truths about ending poverty Written By: R. Glenn Hubbard, William R. Duggan Over the past twenty years more citizens in China and India have raised themselves out of poverty than anywhere else at any time in history. They accomplished this through the local business sector& -the leading source of prosperity for all rich countries. In most of Africa and other poor regions the business sector is weak, but foreign aid continues to fund government and NGOs. Switching aid to the local business sector in order to cultivate a middle class is the oldest, surest, and only way to eliminate poverty in poor countries.A bold fusion of ethics and smart business, The Aid Trapshows how the same energy, goodwill, and money that we devote to charity can help local business thrive. R. Glenn Hubbard and William Duggan, two leading scholars in business and finance, demonstrate that by diverting a major share of charitable aid into the local business sector of poor countries, citizens can take the lead in the growth of their own economies. Although the aid system supports noble goals, a local well-digging company cannot compete with a foreign charity that digs wells for free. By investing in that local company a sustainable system of development can take root. “What Works in Development?” Thinking Big and Thinking Small Jessica Cohen, William Easterly “ Whats Woeks in Development” brings together leading experts to address one of the most basic yet vexing issues in development: what do we really know about what works — and what doesn’t –in fighting global poverty? The contributors, including many of the world’s most respected economic development analysts, focus on the ongoing debate over which paths to development truly maximize results. Should we emphasize a big-picture approach –focusing on the role of institutions, macroeconomic policies, growth strategies, and other country-level factors? Or is a more grassroots approach the way to go, with the focus on particular microeconomic interventions such as conditional cash transfers, bed nets, and other microlevel improvements in service delivery on the ground? The book attempts to find a consensus on which approach is likely to be more effective. Contributors include Nana Ashraf (Harvard Business School), Abhijit Banerjee (MIT), Nancy Birdsall (Center for Global Development), Anne Case (Princeton University), Jessica Cohen (Brookings), William Easterly (NYU and Brookings), Alaka Halla (Innovations for Poverty Action), Ricardo Hausman (Harvard University), Simon Johnson (MIT), Peter Klenow (Stanford University), Michael Kremer (Harvard), Ross Levine (Brown University), Sendhil Mullainathan (Harvard), Ben Olken (MIT), Lant Pritchett (Harvard), Martin Ravallion (World Bank), Dani Rodrik (Harvard), Paul Romer (Stanford University), and DavidWeil (Brown). Development as Freedom Witten By: Amartya Sen In Development as Freedom Amartya Sen explains how in a world of unprecedented increase in overall opulence millions of people living in the Third World are still unfree. Even if they are not technically slaves, they are denied elementary freedoms and remain imprisoned in one way or another by economic poverty, social deprivation, political tyranny or cultural authoritarianism. The main purpose of development is to spread freedom and its ‘thousand charms’ to the unfree citizens. Freedom, Sen persuasively argues, is at once the ultimate goal of social and economic arrangements and the most efficient means of realizing general welfare. Social institutions like markets, political parties, legislatures, the judiciary, and the media contribute to development by enhancing individual freedom and are in turn sustained by social values. Values, institutions, development, and freedom are all closely interrelated, and Sen links them together in an elegant analytical framework. By asking ‘What is the relation between our collective economic wealth and our individual ability to live as we would like?’ and by incorporating individual freedom as a social commitment into his analysis Sen allows economics once again, as it did in the time of Adam Smith, to address the social basis of individual well-being and freedom. Just give Money to the Poor Written By: David Hulme, Joseph Hanlon, Armando Barrientos * Argues strongly for overlooked approach to development by showing how the poor use money in ways that confound stereotypical notions of aid and handouts* Team authored by foremost scholars in the development fieldAmid all the complicated economic theories about the causes and solutions to poverty, one idea is so basic it seems radical: just give money to the poor. Despite its skeptics, researchers have found again and again that cash transfers given to significant portions of the population transform the lives of recipients. Countries from Mexico to South Africa to Indonesia are giving money directly to the poor and discovering that they use it wisely to send their children to school, to start a business and to feed their families.Directly challenging an aid industry that thrives on complexity and mystification, with highly paid consultants designing ever more complicated projects, “Just Give Money to the Poor” offers the elegant southern alternative bypass governments and NGOs and let the poor decide how to use their money. Stressing that cash transfers are not charity or a safety net, the authors draw an outline of effective practices that work precisely because they are regular, guaranteed and fair. This book, the first to report on this quiet revolution in an accessible way, is essential reading for policymakers, students of international development and anyone yearning for an alternative to traditional poverty-alleviation methods. The trouble with aid: why less could mean more for Africa Written By: Jonathan Glennie In this book, Jonathan Glennie argues that government aid to Africa actually has many very harmful effects. He claims that aid has often meant more poverty, more hungry people, worse basic services for poor people and damage to already precarious democratic institutions. Rather than the Make Poverty History slogan “Double aid to Africa,” Glennie suggests the opposite: “Halve aid to Africa”–to achieve the same result and reduce aid dependency. Through an honest assessment of both the positive and negative consequences of aid, this book will show you why. The development economics reader Written By: Giorgio Secondi This book draws together the most authoritative articles on development economics published in the past few years, is aimed at undergraduate level and is suitable for students with little or no background in economics.The main themes include poverty, foreign aid, agriculture and human capital and amongst those whose work appears can be counted Amartya Sen, Jeffrey Sachs, Jagdish Bhagwati, Joseph Stiglitz, Paul Romer, Dani Rodrik, William Easterly, Robert Barro, Kenneth Arrow, Hernando de Soto, Daron Acemoglu, Muhammad Yunus, Anne Krueger, Abhijit Banerjee, Esther Duflo, Michael Kremer and Martin Feldstein.The reader focuses on the most recent and up-to-date contributions to the field of development economics. Instead of collecting “classic” contributions which are already available through many sources the articles chosen reflect recent developments in the discipline (for instance, in the area of geography and development) and include contributions that address recent events (the dramatic resurgence of a debt relief movement).”The Development Economics Reader” should be an invaluable resource for all students of the discipline. Reinventing foreign aid Written by: William Easterly The urgency of reducing poverty in the developing world has been the subject of a public campaign by such unlikely policy experts as George Clooney, Alicia Keyes, Elton John, Angelina Jolie, and Bono. And yet accompanying the call for more foreign aid is an almost universal discontent with the effectiveness of the existing aid system. In Reinventing Foreign Aid, development expert William Easterly has gathered top scholars in the field to discuss how to improve foreign aid. These authors, Easterly points out, are not claiming that their ideas will (to invoke a current slogan) Make Poverty History. Rather, they take on specific problems and propose some hard-headed solutions.Easterly himself, in an expansive and impassioned introductory chapter, makes a case for the “searchers”—who explore solutions by trial and error and learn from feedback—over the “planners”—who throw an endless supply of resources at a big goal—as the most likely to reduce poverty. Other writers look at scientific evaluation of aid projects (including randomized trials) and describe projects found to be cost-effective, including vaccine delivery and HIV education; consider how to deal with the government of the recipient state (work through it or bypass a possibly dysfunctional government?); examine the roles of the International Monetary Fund (a de facto aid provider) and the World Bank; and analyze some new and innovative proposals for distributing aid. A Unified Approach to Measuring Poverty and Inequality By the world Bank A Unified Approach to Measuring Poverty and Inequality: Theory and Practice is an introduction to the theory and practice of measuring poverty and inequality, as well as a user’s guide for analyzing income or consumption distribution for any standard household dataset using the World Bank’s ADePT software. The approach taken here considers income standards as building blocks for basic measurement, then uses them to construct inequality and poverty measures. This unified approach provides advantages in interpreting and contrasting the measures and in understanding the way measures vary over time and space. Beyond the World Bank Agenda HOWARD STEIN Despite massive investment of money and research aimed at ameliorating third-world poverty, the development strategies of the international financial institutions over the past few decades have been a profound failure. Under the tutelage of the World Bank, developing countries have experienced lower growth and rising inequality compared to previous periods. In Beyond the World Bank Agenda, Howard Stein argues that the controversial institution is plagued by a myopic, neoclassical mindset that wrongly focuses on individual rationality and downplays the social and political contexts that can either facilitate or impede development. Drawing on the examples of Africa, Asia, Latin America, and transitional European economies, this revolutionary volume proposes an alternative vision of institutional development with chapter-length applications to finance, state formation, and health care to provide a holistic, contextualized solution to the problems of developing nations. Beyond the World Bank Agenda will be essential reading for anyone concerned with forging a new strategy for sustainable development. Mountains Beyond Mountains: The Quest of Dr. Paul Farmer, A Man Who Would Cure the World by Tracy Kidder Tracy Kidder is a winner of the Pulitzer Prize and the author of the bestsellers The Soul of a New Machine, House, AmongSchoolchildren, and Home Town. He has been described by theBaltimore Sun as the “master of the non-fiction narrative.” This powerful and inspiring new book shows how one person can make a difference, as Kidder tells the true story of a gifted man who is in love with the world and has set out to do all he can to cure it.At the center of Mountains Beyond Mountains stands Paul Farmer. Doctor, Harvard professor, renowned infectious-disease specialist, anthropologist, the recipient of a MacArthur “genius” grant, world-class Robin Hood, Farmer was brought up in a bus and on a boat, and in medical school found his life’s calling: to diagnose and cure infectious diseases and to bring the lifesaving tools of modern medicine to those who need them most. This magnificent book shows how radical change can be fostered in situations that seem insurmountable, and it also shows how a meaningful life can be created, as Farmer—brilliant, charismatic, charming, both a leader in international health and a doctor who finds time to make house calls in Boston and the mountains of Haiti—blasts through convention to get results. How to Change the World: Social Entrepreneurs and the Power of New Ideas by David Bornstein What business entrepreneurs are to the economy, social entrepreneurs are to social change. They are, writes David Bornstein, the driven, creative individuals who question the status quo, exploit new opportunities, refuse to give up–and remake the world for the better. How to Change the World tells the fascinating stories of these remarkable individuals–many in the United States, others in countries from Brazil to Hungary–providing an In Search of Excellence for the nonprofit sector. In America, one man, J.B. Schramm, has helped thousands of low-income high school students get into college. In South Africa, one woman, Veronica Khosa, developed a home-based care model for AIDS patients that changed government health policy. In Brazil, Fabio Rosa helped bring electricity to hundreds of thousands of remote rural residents. Another American, James Grant, is credited with saving 25 million lives by leading and ‘marketing’ a global campaign for immunization. Yet another, Bill Drayton, created a pioneering foundation, Ashoka, that has funded and supported these social entrepreneurs and over a thousand like them, leveraging the power of their ideas across the globe. These extraordinary stories highlight a massive transformation that is going largely unreported by the media: Around the world, the fastest-growing segment of society is the nonprofit sector, as millions of ordinary people–social entrepreneurs–are increasingly stepping in to solve the problems where governments and bureaucracies have failed. How to Change the World shows, as its title suggests, that with determination and innovation, even a single person can make a surprising difference. For anyone seeking to make a positive mark on the world, this will be both an inspiring read and an invaluable handbook. Building Social Business: The New Kind of Capitalism That Serves Humanity’s Most Pressing Needs by Muhammad Yunus Muhammad Yunus, the practical visionary who pioneered microcredit and, with his Grameen Bank, won the 2006 Nobel Peace Prize, has developed a visionary new dimension for capitalism which he calls �social business.” By harnessing the energy of profit-making to the objective of fulfilling human needs, social business creates self-supporting, viable commercial enterprises that generate economic growth even as they produce goods and services that make the world a better place.In this book, Yunus shows how social business has gone from being a theory to an inspiring practice, adopted by leading corporations, entrepreneurs, and social activists across Asia, South America, Europe and the US. He demonstrates how social business transforms lives; offers practical guidance for those who want to create social businesses of their own; explains how public and corporate policies must adapt to make room for the social business model; and shows why social business holds the potential to redeem the failed promise of free-market enterprise. Introduction to International Development: Approaches, Actors, and Issues by Paul Haslam, Jessica Schafer, Pierre Beaudet Introduction to International Development is a topical and theoretical introduction to development studies. This book is unique in its multidisciplinary approach given that most textbooks in the area are anchored primarily in one specific discipline-such as political science or economics-and fail to incorporate theories and viewpoints from other disciplines. Drawing contributors from a variety of disciplines-all three editors themselves come from different disciplinary backgrounds-this text ensures that students are exposed to a well-rounded view of development issues. In addition to being interdisciplinary, the book is international in scope – contributors from North America, the UK, Europe and the developing world expose students to diverse international perspectives. The book is divided into three sections: an overview of the history and key theories, a presentation of the key actors, and an exploration of contemporary issues in international development. Combining theoretical, practical, and multidisciplinary approaches to respond to the particular needs of undergraduate international development programs, Introduction to International Development is truly the ideal text for any international development studies course! Portfolios of the Poor: How the World’s Poor Live on $2 a Day by Daryl Collins, Jonathan Morduch, Stuart Rutherford, Orlanda Ruthven Nearly forty percent of humanity lives on an average of two dollars a day or less. If you’ve never had to survive on an income so small, it is hard to imagine. How would you put food on the table, afford a home, and educate your children? How would you handle emergencies and old age? Every day, more than a billion people around the world must answer these questions. Portfolios of the Poor is the first book to systematically explain how the poor find solutions to their everyday financial problems.The authors conducted year-long interviews with impoverished villagers and slum dwellers in Bangladesh, India, and South Africa–records that track penny by penny how specific households manage their money. The stories of these families are often surprising and inspiring. Most poor households do not live hand to mouth, spending what they earn in a desperate bid to keep afloat. Instead, they employ financial tools, many linked to informal networks and family ties. They push money into savings for reserves, squeeze money out of creditors whenever possible, run sophisticated savings clubs, and use microfinancing wherever available. Their experiences reveal new methods to fight poverty and ways to envision the next generation of banks for the “bottom billion.”Indispensable for those in development studies, economics, and microfinance, Portfolios of the Poor will appeal to anyone interested in knowing more about poverty and what can be done about it. Hope in Hell: Inside the World of Doctors Without Borders by Dan Bortolotti “A fascinating and harrowing account of the men and women who struggle to improve the lives of people in desperate need.”Doctors Without Borders (also known as Medecins Sans Frontieres, or MSF) is arguably the best known humanitarian organization in the world. These professional men and women deliver emergency aid to victims of armed conflict, epidemics and natural disasters as well as to many others who lack reliable health care. Each year, more than 2,500 volunteer doctors, nurses and other professionals join locally hired staff to provide medical aid and health care in more than 80 countries.At the forefront of this organization and its work are the volunteer doctors and other health professionals who risk their lives to perform surgery, establish or rehabilitate hospitals and clinics, run nutrition and sanitation programs, and train local medical personnel. This book follows these men and women on location as they risk their own health, well-being and lives to treat patients in desperate need.These engaging true stories with dramatic color photographs examine the lives of individual volunteer medical professionals from around the world who: Perform emergency surgery in the war-torn regions of Africa and Asia Treat the homeless in the streets of Europe Understand cultural customs and societal differences that affect health care Witness and report genocidal atrocities.This new paperback edition is updated to include events that occurred following publication of the hardcover.Hope in Hell chronicles the raucous founding of Doctors Without Borders (MSF) and the awarding of the Nobel Peace Prize to the organization. If there is a horrific event, MSF will be there. This book tells why and how. AIDS and Accusation: Haiti and the Geography of Blame by Paul Farmer Does the scientific “theory” that HIV came to North America from Haiti stem from underlying attitudes of racism and ethnocentrism in the United States rather than from hard evidence? Anthropologist-physician Paul Farmer answers in the affirmative with this, the first full-length ethnographic study of AIDS in a poor society. The Oxford Handbook on the United Nations by Thomas G. Weiss & Sam Daws The Oxford Handbook on the United Nations is an authoritative, one-volume treatment of sixty years of history of the United Nations written by distinguished scholars, analysts, and practitioners. Citations and suggested readings contain a wealth of primary and secondary references to the history, politics, and law of the world organization. This Handbook includes a clear and penetrating examination of the UN’s development since 1945 and the challenges that it faces in the twenty-first century. This key reference work also contains appendices of the UN Charter, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and the Stature of the International Court of Justice. This volume is intended to shape the discipline of UN studies, and to establish itself as the essential point of reference for all those working on, in, or around the world organization. It is substantial in scope, containing contributions from over 40 leading scholars and practitioners–writing sometimes controversially, but always authoritatively–on the key topics and debates that define the institution. Africa’s Water and Sanitation Infrastructure Authors: Banerjee, Sudeshna Ghosh; Morella, Elvira (World Bank) he welfare implications of safe water and sanitation cannot be overstated. The economic gains from provision of improved services to millions of unserved Africans in enormous. The international adoption of Millennium Development Goals brought the inadequacies of service provision sharply into focus. With only 58% and 31% enjoying access to water and sanitation services respectively, Sub-Saharan Africa is the only continent that is off-track in achieving the MDGs in 2015. The problem is compounded by the fact that a rigorous and credible baseline did not exist on coverage to improved water and sanitation and resources required to meet the MDGs. This book aims to contribute to this gap by collecting a wealth of primary and secondary information to present the most up-to-date and comprehensive quantitative snapshot of water and sanitation sectors. The book evaluates the challenges to the water and sanitation sectors within the urban and rural areas and deepen our understanding of drivers of coverage expansion in the context of financing, institutional reforms, and efficiency improvements. Finally, the book establishes the investment needs for water and sanitation with a target of meeting the MDGs and compares with the existing financing envelopes, disaggregated by proportions that can be recouped by efficiency gains and net financing gaps. The directions for the future draw on lessons learned from best practices and present the menu of choices available to African countries. There is no recipe book that neatly lays out the possible steps the country should adopt to enhance coverage and quality of service. The challenges differ to a significant extent among African countries and solutions must be tailored to individual national or regional conditions. Hygiene promotion: a practical manual for relief and development Suzanne Ferron, Joy Morgan, Marion O’Reilly The manual draws together the experience of hygiene promotion field workers in some of the many emergency relief programs undertaken by CARE and other agencies between 1992 and 1998, and the insights of current hygiene promotion theory. The approaches described are flexible enough to be used in a variety of settings. Working in collaboration with the people and allowing them to take more control in the design, implementation and management of water and sanitation systems is central to the aims of hygiene promotion and to this manual. The book stresses the need for a form of hygiene education, which fosters capacity building by not relying on the simple provision of information alone. The avoidance of helplessness and dependency may be critical in promoting positive health as well as in saving lives. Health and hygiene promotion is as vital to emergency relief as it is to development work Public Health: World Disasters Report 2002 By Kumarian press- Diverse books Disasters “ both environmental and technological “ continue to inflict unacceptable human and economic costs. The number of weather-related disasters has doubled since 1996. And scientists are warning that global warming will bring more windstorms, more floods and more droughts. The challenge to reduce the heavy toll taken by disasters has never been more urgent. The World Disasters Report 2002 focuses on reducing disaster risk. How significant a role can mitigation and preparedness play in reducing disaster losses? How can international disaster response better integrate with local responses? What non-structural approaches to mitigation — from early warning systems and first-aid training to public awareness, education and advocacy — are possible? Most urgently of all, can we show that disaster preparedness and mitigation pay off in terms of lives, livelihoods and assets saved?The report examines the rationale for disaster preparedness, how to mitigate the effects of global warming in small island states and how to reduce risk from earthquakes in urban areas. It also looks at how communities in Mozambique, Nepal and Latin America have successfully reduced the toll of disasters through sound preparedness. In addition to the data chapter, updated annually, the report studies humanitarian accountability and a presents a methodology to assess vulnerabilities and capacities. Peace through Health By Kumarian press- Diverse books We typically define and talk about wars using the language of politics, but what happens when you bring in a doctors perspective on conflict? Can war be diagnosed like an illness? Can health professionals participate in its mitigation and prevention? The contributors to Peace through Health: How Health Professionals Can Work for a Less Violent World engage with these ground-breaking ideas and describe tools that can further peace once war is understood as a public health problem.The idea of working for peace through the health sector has sparked many innovative programs, described here by over 30 experts familiar with the theory and practice of Peace through Health. They cover topics such as prevention and therapy, program evaluations, medical ethics, activism, medical journals, human rights, and the uses of epidemiology. Those considering careers in medicine and other health and humanitarian disciplines as well as those concerned about the growing presence of militarized violence in the world will value the books many insights Protecting the Future By Kumarian press- Diverse books * First publication designed specifically for health workers developing programs for HIV-infected and at-risk populations* Outlines a practical, step-by-step process to implement these programs* Published in association with the International Rescue CommitteeThe explosion of the HIV epidemic presents a challenge to relief agencies working with displaced and war-affected communities. Based on work done by the International Rescue Committee (IRC), this book shows how relief agencies, usually present during both the crisis and post-emergency phases, can work with refugees and local people to minimize further spread of HIV and provide care and support to those affected.The manual is complete with training exercises, activities for engaging the refugee population in HIV prevention work, and references for HIV resources.Protecting the Future is useful not only for humanitarian workers, but for any health professional establishing HIV programs in resource-poor settings. Urbanization: Cities and Development by Jo Beall, Sean Fox By 2030 more than sixty percent of the world’s population will live in urban areas, with most of the world s population growth over the next twenty-five years being absorbed by cities and towns in low and middle income countries. What are the consequences of this shift? Demographic pressure already strains the capacity of local and national governments to manage urban change. Today, nearly one billion people live in slums, and in the absence of significant intervention that number is set to double in the next two decades. Will our future be dominated by mega-cities of poverty and despair, or can urbanization be harnessed to advance human and economic development?Cities and Development provides a critical exploration of the dynamic relationship between urbanism and development. Highlighting both the challenges and opportunities associated with rapid urban change, the book surveys:the historical relationship between urbanization and development the role cities play in fostering economic growth in a globalizing world the unique characteristics of urban poverty and the poor record of interventions designed to tackle it the complexities of managing urban environments; issues of urban crime, violence, war and terrorism in contemporary cities the importance of urban planning, governance and politics in shaping city futures.This book brings into conversation debates from urban and development studies and highlights the strengths and weaknesses of current policy and planning responses to the contemporary urban challenge. It includes research orientated supplements in the form of summaries, boxed case studies, development questions and further reading. The book is intended for senior undergraduate and graduate students interested in urban, international and development studies, as well as policy-makers and planners concerned with equitable and sustainable urban development. Funding Local Governance: Small Grants For Democracy And Development by Jo Beall, Nicholas Hall International development is replete with examples of failure. This has led to notes of cynicism being struck in commentaries on development, whether in relation to failed states, donor ineptitude or the unaccountability of NGOs. Precisely because the grand visions have not been realized and macro-level policies have been so controversial, attention turned to initiatives at the local level. However, too many expectations were placed on interventions at the local level and it did not take long before they became formalized, institutionalized and bureaucratized, losing their capacity for rapid response and flexibility. This book is about an alternative approach. Starting from a critical engagement with theories of decentralization and a review of social funds, it explores the value of funding local initiatives that are designed not only to support development activities but also to promote local democracy. Reviewing experiences from Africa, Asia, Europe and Latin America, the book demonstrates how, at their most innovative, local funds can deliver development within the context of a rights-based approach and as a critical component of democratic decentralization. Funding Local Governance will appeal to academic, professional and practitioner audiences. It will be of considerable value to people working in international development agencies, NGOs and in local government. It will be of interest to researchers, teachers and students of development, urban studies, local government and politics, geography and urban planning as well as area studies specialists Urbanization and Development in Asia: Multidimensional Perspectives by Jo Beall (Editor), Basudeb Guha-Khasnobis (Editor), Ravi Kanbur(Editor) Over the last few decades, globalization has had a visible effect on urbanization and migration patterns across much of Asia. Analyses of migration patterns reveal that some of the largest movements of people in the world actually take place in the form of internal migration within certain regions and countries, as people move from rural areas to booming urban centres. With the help of selected case studies from India, China, Japan, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Vietnam, and the Phillipines, this volume examines the following issues: Why do people move from rural to urban areas? In what ways does globalization affect such movements? What are the synergies between globalization, urbanization, and migration? What are the challenges that come with resettlement, especially for minorities and other less empowered groups? effect on urbanization and migration patterns across much of Asia. Analyses of migration patterns reveal that some of the largest movements of people in the world actually take place in the form of internal migration within certain regions and countries, as people move from rural areas to booming urban centres. With the help of selected case studies from India, China, Japan, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Vietnam, and the Phillipines, this volume examines the following issues: Why do people move from rural to urban areas? In what ways does globalization affect such movements? What are the synergies between globalization, urbanization, and migration? What are the challenges that come with resettlement, especially for minorities and other less empowered groups? Does Foreign Aid Really Work? by Roger C. Riddell Foreign aid is now a $100bn business and is expanding more rapidly today than it has for a generation. But does it work? Indeed, is it needed at all? Other attempts to answer these important questions have been dominated by a focus on the impact of official aid provided by governments. But today possibly as much as 30 percent of aid is provided by Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs), and over 10 percent is provided as emergency assistance. In this first-ever attempt to provide an overall assessment of aid, Roger Riddell presents a rigorous but highly readable account of aid, warts and all. oes Foreign Aid Really Work? sets out the evidence and exposes the instances where aid has failed and explains why. The book also examines the way that politics distorts aid, and disentangles the moral and ethical assumptions that lie behind the belief that aid does good. The book concludes by detailing the practical ways that aid needs to change if it is to be the effective force for good that its providers claim it is. Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies by Jared Diamond Life isn’t fair–here’s why: Since 1500, Europeans have, for better & worse, called the tune that the world has danced to. In Guns, Germs & Steel, Jared Diamond explains the reasons why things worked out that way. It’s an elemental question. Diamond is certainly not the 1st to ask it. However, he performs a singular service by relying on scientific fact rather than specious theories of European genetic superiority. Diamond, a UCLA physiologist, suggests that the geography of Eurasia was best suited to farming, the domestication of animals & the free flow of information. The more populous cultures that developed as a result had more complex forms of government & communication, & increased resistance to disease. Finally, fragmented Europe harnessed the power of competitive innovation in ways that China didn’t. (For example, the Europeans used the Chinese invention of gunpowder to create guns & subjugate the New World.) Diamond’s book is complex & a bit overwhelming. But the thesis he methodically puts forth–examining the “positive feedback loop” of farming, then domestication, then population density, then innovation etc.–makes sense. Written without bias, Guns, Germs & Steel is good global history.